A hate crime is a criminal offence that is targeted at a person because of hostility or prejudice towards that person’s perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, race or ethnicity, religion or belief.


Note: A victim does not have to belong to the perceived group i.e. A heterosexual male could be a victim of a homophobic hate crime despite being straight. For example, he leaves an LGBT venue with friends and his attacker calls out homophobic remarks during the attack.

hate incident refers to the incident itself. In some cases criminal offences may not be brought forward; the victim may not report the attack for example. It is advised for all hate incidents to be reported no matter how minor.

A hate crime prosecution: A hate crime which is being charged in an aggravated form; where the prosecutor believes there is sufficient evidence of the hostility element to be put before a court to sentence an offender.