A hate crime is a criminal offence that is targeted at a person because of hostility or prejudice towards that person’s perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, race or ethnicity, religion or belief.
Note: A victim does not have to belong to the perceived group i.e. A heterosexual male could be a victim of a homophobic hate crime despite being straight. For example, he leaves an LGBT venue with friends and his attacker calls out homophobic remarks during the attack.
A hate incident refers to the incident itself. In some cases criminal offences may not be brought forward; the victim may not report the attack for example. It is advised for all hate incidents to be reported no matter how minor.
A hate crime prosecution: A hate crime which is being charged in an aggravated form; where the prosecutor believes there is sufficient evidence of the hostility element to be put before a court to sentence an offender.